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| Arctium lappa; Lappa Arctium
|Common Name ||Bardana (2),4), Bardane (7), Burdock (2, 3,
4), Burdock root ( 4, 5), Beggars's buttons (
3, 4, 5, 7),
Burrburr (5), Burrseed (2), Clothburr (2,
3, 5), Cocklebur (2), Cockle-Button
(7), Cockold-dock (7), fox's clote ( 5), Grass
burdock (2), hardock (2, 5, 7).
harebur (2 4, 5), Hill ( 4), Hurrbur
(2, 7), Lappa ( 3, 4,
5), Lappa minor ( 3, 4), Lappa Tousntosa (
4), Niu-ts'ai (8), Niu-p'ang-tzu (8), Pien-ch'ien-niu
(8), P'ang-ch'ien-niu (8), Pien-ch'ien-niu (8),
Pien-futz\'u (8),Shu-nien (8), Stick-buttons (7),
Ta-li-tzu (8), Thorny Burr ( 3, 4,
5), turkey burr (2, 5), Wu-shish
(8), Ye-ch\'a-t\'cu (8), |
|Pollinator Forage forage,N
|key name ||Burdock root |
|Idententifing Character ||Biennial
|Stem ||1st year none, 2nd year 2-7ft stout with wide-spreading branches, coarse |
|Leaves ||lternate elongated; (coardate-oblong and rhubarb-like), heart-shaped
leaves, large and wavy, Rough, fleshy, dentate, peiolate, whitish beneath. |
|Flowers ||purple, globular heads with a calyx of imbricated scale (burs or
brackets) with hooked extremities for adhering lightly to objects. Bloom in July and |
|Fruit ||Achine, globoidal, 1/2- 1'' broad, Imbricated scale with hooked extremities
that adhere to anything, The red is obovate-oblong, angular, slightly curved, one-forth inch long
brownish-gray to black wrinkled seed. One plant may produce 400,000(7). |
|Taste ||root and seed Mulsilaginous, sweetish, slimy taste slightly bitter. Leaf and
stem bitter. |
|Odour ||Slight |
|Root ||early simple, fusiform or spindle-shaped, 1/5 - 4/5 '' thick, 10-30 '' long,
brownish-gray externally Longitudinally wrinkled, annulate crown (often wte crown (often with a woolly tuft of leaf
remains). somewhat horny fracture, dark cambium separates the thick outer bark from the
yellowish or white porous, and radiate wood, hollow centre or contains white plit-like tissue
inside. Powder: light brown. |
|Distribution ||Naturalized in North America, from Asia
and Europe, along roadsides
and in all vacant lots. |
|Constituents ||Inluin 27-45%, up to 12% protein; |
|Solvents ||Water, Alcohol; |
- DECOCTION (root) 1 wineglassful 3-4 times daily
- fluid extract ? - 1 fluid dram
- Infusion (leaves0 1 teacupful 3-4 times daily
- Powder 30-60 grains (? -1 teaspoonful)
- Solid extract 5-15 grains
- TINCTURE 30-60 minims (? - 1 flG>30-60 minims (? - 1 fluid dram) 3-4 times
|administration || |
- Promote perspiration (diaphoresis) in colds and fevers: Double the
dose in hot water, adding 1/8 - 1/4 teaspoon of Zingiber officinale (ginger), to each teacupful.
- Pain: Drink an infusion of the tops
- Skin diseases,
Boils. , carbuncles, pulmonary catarrh,
scrofula, leprosy, syphilis,
Rheumatism. etc; Drink decoction regularly.
- Large sores, skin diseases, inflammation, swelling: Apply a hot
fomentation of the tea to the affected part, cover with plastic or oil silk to prevent evaporation
and bandage; leave on until almost dry, then cleanse the area and make another application; repeat
- Skin eruptions, burn wounds, swelling, haemorrhoids: Apply the
- Rashes, pimples,
Boils. , scurvy, eczema: use a
d scurvy, eczema: use a
decoction of equal parts Burdock root and (Rumex crispus) Yellow dock . as a
wash, and drink the combination as a tea.
- Goiters: Mix burdock root powder with leaf lard and apply
externally over the affected gland and inflausd area.
- Locked joints: Apply a poultice of the root over the affected part.
|Formulas || |
- Formula #1 For cheek Swelling (jaw infection).
- MOHAWK HERBS.
- MOHAWK HERBS.
Blood purifier. ,
- #65 Circulation equalizer
- # 67 Gout,
Rheumatism. , scrofula, syphilis,
Sciatica. , gonorrhea, Kidney
- Formula #71 Malignat ulcers. scrofula, indolient Sors Burns, whoopingcough. ,
bronchial and renal conditions.
- Formula #101 Standard Kidney (NM).
Formula #161 Poultis for, absesses, Fresh wounds, Infammation, congestion, Eruptions, Enlarged prostate,
Formula #175 Worms Cancer
Formula #176 Acne
Formula #177 Blood Purifier
Formula #178 Boils (poultice)
Formula #180 Skin problems, Eczema, Etc. (wash)
Formula #181 Itch ointment
Formula #182 Rheumatism
Sciatica. , Rheumatism
Formula #184 Spring tonic;
Formula #185 Ulcers in any part;
|Contra Indications || |
|Chinese || |
|Vetrinary ||Same as humans |
|Sister Plants || |
|Cultivation || |
|Harvest || |
- Root: Root of first year plant is harvested in fall or early spring
- Wash root in agitator or tumble washer, If the soil has lots of clay don't
change the water
- Dry roots partially then chip, We have used an impact chipper for this
with good results. The semidry roots don't powder as easily this reduces loss through dust and
increases the operator safety. The rootchips are then dried the rest of the way.
- Leaf :
- Harvest First or second year leaves and dry Cut leaves for storage
- Harvest seed in fall of second year
|Non Med ||It also possesses wholesome
nutritive value in the stock when cut before the flower opens, is stripped of the bitter rind, boiled
or used in salads (eat raw witor used in salads (eat raw with oil and apple-cider vinegar); it has a delicate flavour of asparagus.
Russian's wrapped fish or gaus in leaves and cooked in pit. A fire was made in pit when ground
was hot enough they would remove ash and charcoal, wrapped usat placed in hole and covered
with hot earth.
Roots roasted and used for coffee, Fresh root in soup instead of potatoes (Change
water 3 times to remove Medicinal properties), fried as cutlets, and pancakes. Cut vary fine and
boiled with apple cider vinegar and Yellow dock with appitionic sour cream, they make a tasty
and nutrious jam. |
|History || |
|Reference ||Dr. Neil McKinney< ,The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism< 11,Dominion Herbal Collage< 11,Norma Myers Course< 11,The Myth and Truth About Genseng< 11 |